New opportunities of development in the conditions of the fourth industrial revolution
Dear Kazakhstan citizens!
Today the world enters an era of the Fourth industrial revolution, an era of profound and rapid changes: technological, economic and social.
New technological structure cardinally changes the way how we work, we exercise the civil rights, and we bring up children.
Today the world enters an era of the Fourth industrial revolution, an era of profound and rapid changes: technological, economic and social.
New technological structure cardinally changes the way how we work, we exercise the civil rights, and we bring up children.
The need to be ready for global changes and challenges prompted us to adopt the Development Strategy “Kazakhstan-2050”.
We set a goal to enter the top thirty most developed countries in the world.
The Plan of the Nation – 100 concrete steps is being implemented, of which 60 have already been executed. The others have generally long-term character and are carried out systematically.
Last year the Third modernization of Kazakhstan started.
Successfully the Program of industrialization implemented.
The comprehensive program “Digital Kazakhstan” adopted.
The complex Strategic development plan for the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025 developed.
Our long-term goals remain unchanged.
We have all the necessary programs.
This Message determines what we have to do for successful navigation and adaptation in the new world – the world of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
We have created an independent Kazakhstan, which became the brand causing trust and respect in the world.
In 2017, our country became a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.
In January 2018, we preside in it.
We have become the first state among the countries of the CIS and Eastern Europe that the world community has chosen for holding the World Specialized Exhibition “EXPO”.
Kazakhstan has built a successfully functioning model of a market economy.
In 2017, the country, having overcome the negative effects of the global crisis, returned to the trajectory of strong growth.
At the end of the year, the growth of gross domestic product was 4%, and industrial production – more than 7%.
At the same time in a total amount of the industry the processing sector exceeded 40%.
Safe development of Kazakhstan allowed to be created to the middle class.
Poverty was reduced by 13 times, unemployment rate decreased to 4.9%
The basis of the country’s socio-economic success is civil peace, interethnic and interfaith harmony, which continue to be our main value.
Nevertheless, we must clearly realize that the achievements of Kazakhstan are a reliable basis, but not a guarantee of tomorrow’s success.
The era of “oil abundance” is almost coming to an end. The country needs a new quality of development.
Global trends show that it should be based primarily on the widespread introduction of elements of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
This carries both challenges and opportunities.
I am sure that Kazakhstan has all necessary for entry into number of leaders of the new world.
For this purpose it is necessary to concentrate on the solution of the following tasks.
FIRST. Industrialization should be the flagship of the introduction of new technologies.
Its results became one of the main stabilizing factors in the crisis 2014-2015, when oil prices dropped sharply.
Therefore the reference point on the processing sector with high performance of work is invariable.
At the same time, industrialization should become more innovative, using all advantages of new technological way 4.0.
It is necessary to develop and test the new tools directed to modernization and digitalization of our enterprises with orientation to export of products.
They have to stimulate a transfer of technologies first of all.
It is necessary to implement the pilot project on digitization of several Kazakhstan industrial enterprises, and then widely to extend this experience.
Development of own ecosystem of developers of digital and other innovative solutions becomes the major question.
It should crystallize around innovation centers such as Nazarbayev University, AIFC and the International Techno park of IT Startups.
The organization of the activity of the “Alatau” Innovation Technology Park requires a serious review.
The main success factors of the innovation ecosystem are stimulating the demand for new technologies from the real sector and the functioning of the private market of venture capital financing.
For this purpose the relevant legislation is necessary.
Besides, development of IT and engineering services is of particular importance.
Digitalization of economy, besides dividends, bears also risks of large-scale release of labor.
It is necessary to work out an agreed policy on the employment of the released labor force.
It is necessary to adapt an education system, communications and the sphere of standardization for requirements of new industrialization.
In 2018 it is necessary to begin development of the third five-year plan of the industrialization dedicated to the emergence of the “digital era” industry.
SECOND. Further development of the resource potential.
The world of the 21st century continues to need natural resources, which in the future will have a special place in the development of the global economy and the economy of our country.
However it is necessary to rethink critically the organization of the raw industries, approaches to management of natural resources.
It is necessary to introduce complex information and technological platforms actively.
It is important to raise requirements to energy efficiency and energy saving of the enterprises and also environmental friendliness and overall performance of producers of energy.
The “EXPO-2017” exhibition held in Astana showed how progress is progressing rapidly in the field of alternative, “clean” energy.
Today, renewable energy (RES) accounts for a quarter of global electricity production.
According to forecasts, by the year 2050 this indicator will reach 80%.
We set the task to bring a share of alternative energy in Kazakhstan to 30% by the year 2030.
Today, we already have 55 objects of RES with a general power of 336 MW which in 2017 developed about 1.1 billion kWh of “green” energy.
It is important to stimulate business, to invest in “green” technologies.
Akims (heads of the administration) of regions need to take measures for modern utilization and processing Household Solid Wastes with broad involvement of subjects of small and medium business.
These and other measures will demand updating of the legislation, including the Environmental Code.
THE THIRD. “Smart technology” is a chance for a breakthrough in the development of the agro-industrial complex.
Agrarian policy has to be directed to cardinal increase in labor productivity and export growth of the processed agricultural products.
We learned to grow up various crops, to produce grain.
We are proud of it.
But it is already not enough.
It is necessary to provide processing of raw materials and to enter the world markets with high-quality finished products.
It is important to radically reorient the entire agro-industrial complex to solve this problem.
Development of agrarian science requires priority attention.
It should deal primarily with the transfer of new technologies and their adaptation to domestic conditions.
At the same time, it is necessary to reconsider the role of agrarian universities.
They should not just issue diplomas, but prepare specialists who will actually work in the agro-industrial complex or engage in scientific activities.
These universities need to update their curricula and become centers of dissemination of the most advanced knowledge and best practices in the agro-industrial complex.
For example, repeated increase in productivity can be reached as a result of technologies of forecasting of optimum time for a sowing campaign and harvesting, “smart watering”, to the intellectual systems of introduction of mineral fertilizers and the control of pests and weeds.
The pilotless equipment allows reducing considerably cost of agriculture, minimizing a human factor.
Implementation of new technologies and business models, increase science of capacity of agro-industrial complex increase need of cooperation of farms.
It is necessary to give full support to agricultural cooperatives.
The state together with the business has to find strategic niches in the international markets and advance domestic production.
The intensification of agriculture should occur with preservation of the quality and environmental friendliness of products.
This will allow creating and promoting the “Made in Kazakhstan” organic food brand, which should become recognizable in the world.
In addition, it is necessary to stimulate those who use the land with the best return, and take measures for inefficient users.
It is necessary to reorient inefficient subsidies for reduction in cost of the bank credits for subjects of agro-industrial complex.
I charge to increase within 5 years labor productivity in agro-industrial complex and export of the processed agricultural products at least by 2.5 times.
THE FOURTH.Improving the efficiency of transport and logistics infrastructure.
Today several transcontinental corridors pass through Kazakhstan.
Much has been said about this.
In general, the transit of freights through Kazakhstan in 2017 increased by 17% and amounted to almost 17 million tons.
There is a task to bring annual income from transit in 2020 to 5 billion dollars.
It will allow returning the funds for infrastructure spent by the state to the shortest possible time.
It is necessary to provide large-scale implementation of digital technologies, such as blockchain, for tracking of the movement of freights in the online and their unimpeded transit and also simplification of customs operations.
Modern decisions allow organizing interaction of all links of logistics.
Use of “Big data” will allow providing with qualitative analytics, to reveal reserves of growth and to lower excess expenses.
For these purposes it is necessary to implement an Intelligent Transport System.
It will allow to operate effectively traffic flows and to define requirements of further development of infrastructure.
For improvement of intraregional mobility it is important to increase financing of repair and reconstruction of local road network.
The total amount of the budgetary funds which are annually allocated for it should be brought in the medium term up to 150 billion tenge.
It is necessary to provide active participation in this work of all Akimats (local administration) of regions.
THE FIFTH. Implementation of modern technologies in the construction and utilities sector.
As a result of the programs being implemented, housing commissioning in Kazakhstan exceeded 10 million square meters per year.
The system of housing savings works effectively, making housing affordable for the broad layers of population
The provision of housing per inhabitant has increased in the last 10 years by 30% and now makes 21.6 square meters today.
It is necessary to bring this figure in 2030 to 30 square meters.
When performing this task it is important to apply new methods of construction, modern materials, essentially other approaches in design of buildings and planning of urban development.
It is necessary to establish increased requirements to quality, environmental friendliness and energy efficiency of buildings.
Building and already available houses and infrastructure facilities should be equipped with the systems of intellectual management.
It will increase comfort for the population, will reduce electricity consumption, heat, water, and will stimulate natural monopolists to increase their efficiency.
It is important to make appropriate changes in the legislation, including regulating the sphere of natural monopolies.
Akims (heads of the administration) need to more actively address issues of modernization of housing and communal infrastructure on the basis of public-private partnership.
For the solution of a question of providing rural settlements with quality drinking water the Government needs to provide annually for this work at least 100 billion tenge from all sources.
THE SIXTH.“Reset” of the financial sector.
It is necessary to complete cleaning of a bank portfolio of the “bad” credits.
At the same time owners of banks have to bear economic responsibility, recognizing losses.
Withdrawal of funds from banks by shareholders in order to please of the affiliated companies and persons has to be serious crime.
National Bank should not be contemplator of such acts.
Otherwise, why do we need such a government agency?
Supervision over the activities of financial institutions from National Bank has to be rigid, timely and effective.
The state will and guarantees observance of interests of ordinary citizens further.
It is necessary to speed up the adoption of the law on the bankruptcy of individuals.
Besides, I charge to National bank to resolve finally an issue on currency mortgage loans of the population which were granted till January 1, 2016 when a ban on their delivery to natural persons was legislatively imposed.
The National Bank and the Government should jointly resolve the issue of providing long-term crediting of businesses at rates that take into account real profitability in sectors of the economy.
Important are further improvement of the investment climate and the development of the stock market.
This is one of the main tasks of the International Financial Center “Astana”, which began its work.
Using the best international experience, it should become a regional hub, applying English law and modern financial technologies.
Also the successful conclusion of shares of the national companies of “Samruk-Kazyna” NWF to the IPO will contribute to the development of the stock market.
THE SEVENTH. Human capital is the basis of modernization.
New quality of education.
It is necessary to accelerate the creation of own advanced educational system, encompassing citizens of all ages.
A key priority of educational programs should be the development of the ability to continuously adapt to changes and assimilation of new knowledge.
In preschool education by September 1, 2019 it is necessary to implement the uniform standards of programs for early development of children developing social skills and skills of self-training.
In secondary education, the transition to the updated content, which will be complete in 2021, has begun.
These are absolutely new programs, textbooks, standards and personnel.
It will be necessary to revise the approaches to training and raising the qualifications of teachers.
At the universities of the country it is necessary to develop pedagogical departments and faculties.
It is necessary to strengthen the quality of teaching mathematical and natural sciences on all levels of education.
This is an important condition for preparing young people for a new technological structure.
To increase of the competition between educational institutions and attraction of the private capita, per capita financing at city schools will be introduced.
Considering that load on students at us the highest among the CIS countries and on average more than a third higher, than in the countries of OECD, it is necessary to lower it.
In all regions, a network of children’s technology parks and business incubators with the entire necessary infrastructure, including computers, laboratories, and 3D printers, must be created on the basis of school children’s palaces.
This will help to successfully integrate the younger generation into the research and industrial-technological environment.
The future of Kazakhstanis is good knowledge Kazakh, Russian and English languages.
A new method of studying of Kazakh language for Russian-language schools has been developed and is being introduced.
If we want that Kazakh remained forever, it is necessary to modernize it, without making heavier excess terminology.
However, in recent years, 7,000 well-established and generally accepted terms in the world have been translated into Kazakh.
Such “innovations” sometimes get ridiculous.
For example, “galamtor” (“Internet”), “koltyrauyn” (“crocodile”), “kuy sandyk” (“piano”) and such examples are full.
It is necessary to reconsider the approaches to the validity of such translations and terminologically bring our language to the international level.
Transition to the Latin alphabet contributes to the solution of this question.
A clear timetable for the transition to the Latin alphabet until 2025 should be defined at all levels of education.
Knowledge of the Russian language remains important.
Since 2016, in the updated programs, the Russian language has been taught in Kazakh schools from the 1st class.
From 2019, the transition will begin to the teaching in English of separate natural-science disciplines in the 10th and 11th classes.
As a result, all our graduates will be fluent in three languages at the level necessary for life and work in the country and in the global world.
Then there will be real civil society.
The person of any ethnic group will be able to choose any work up to election as the President of the country.
Kazakhstan citizens will become the uniform nation.
The content of the training should be harmoniously complemented by modern technical support.
It is important to continue еру work on еру development of digital educational resources, connection to the broadband Internet and equipping our schools with video equipment.
It is necessary to update training programs in technical and professional education with the involvement of employers and taking into account international requirements and digital skills.
It is necessary to continue the implementation of the project “Free vocational education for all”.
The state gives to the young man the first profession.
The government has to carry out this task.
Video tutorials and video lectures from the best teachers of secondary schools, colleges and universities should be posted on the Internet.
It will allow all Kazakhstan citizens, including in the remote settlements, to get access to the best knowledge and competences.
In the higher education it is necessary to increase number of the graduates who are trained in information technologies, work with artificial intelligence and “big data”.
At the same time it is necessary to develop university science with a priority on research in metallurgy, petrochemical industry, Agro-industrial complex, bio-and IT-technologies.
It is required to carry out a phased transition to English of applied scientific research.
Universities need to actively implement joint projects with leading foreign universities and research centers, large enterprises and TNC.
Co-financing from the private sector has to become the mandatory requirement for all applied research and development.
It is necessary to build a systematic policy to support our young scientists with the allocation of quotas within the framework of scientific grants.
It is time to treat the field of education as a separate sector of the economy with its investment projects and export potential.
It is necessary to set legislatively the academic freedom of universities, giving them more rights to create educational programs.
It is required to strengthen the retraining of teachers, attract foreign managers to universities, to open campuses of the world universities.
Building the capacity of a nation requires the further development of our culture and ideology.
The meaning of “Ruhani Zhangyru” is on this count.
The Kazakhstan citizen knowing the history, language, culture, at the same time modern, knowing foreign languages, having the advanced and global views has to become an ideal of our society.
First-class health care and a healthy nation.
With growth of life expectancy of the population and development of medical technologies the volume of consumption of medical services will grow.
The modern health care has to be guided more by prevention of diseases, rather than on expensive inpatient treatment.
It is necessary to strengthen management of public health, propagandizing a healthy lifestyle.
Special attention should be paid to protection and strengthening of reproductive health of youth.
It is necessary to move from medical examination that is ineffective and costly for the state to the management of major chronic diseases using remote diagnostics, also outpatient treatment.
This experience has long been in the world.
It is necessary to boldly and actively implement it.
It is necessary to accept a comprehensive plan on fight against oncological diseases, to create scientific oncology center.
Highly effective early diagnosis and cancer therapy on the basis of the best international practices have to be provided.
It is necessary to carry out the same work which we have carried out in cardiology, fight against tuberculosis and obstetric aid.
The health care will pass step by step to the system of the obligatory social medical insurance (OSMI) based on joint liability of the population, the state and employers.
The need for its implementation is also practically assured.
However, it is required to carry out more carefully preparatory work which has not been performed by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection.
It is necessary to develop a new model of the guaranteed volume of free medical care (GVFMC), having defined clear boundaries of state obligations.
Services which are not guaranteed by the state can be obtained by the population by having become the participant of the OSMI or through voluntary medical insurance, also by the co-payment.
It is necessary to improve the availability and efficiency of medical care through the integration of information systems, the use of mobile digital applications, the introduction of electronic health passports, and the transition to “paperless” hospitals.
It is required to begin the introduction of genetic analysis, artificial intelligence technologies into medicine, which will significantly increase the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
An important issue is the availability and quality of training of medical personnel.
Today we have a unique School of Medicine of the Nazarbayev University, which has an integrated university clinic.
This experience has to be broadcast on all medical universities.
To implement these and other measures, a new version of the Code “About health of the people and the health care system” should be developed.
High-quality employment and a fair social security system.
It is important to ensure the efficiency of the labor market, to create conditions so that everyone can realize their potential.
It is necessary to develop modern standards for all major professions.
Employers and businessmen will accurately enshrine in these standards what knowledge, skills and competencies employees should have.
It is necessary, on the basis of the requirements of professional standards, to develop new or update existing educational programs.
Reserves of economic growth are self-employed and unemployed.
I have repeatedly demanded to understand the issue of self-employed.
The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population showed irresponsibility and superficiality in this case
It is necessary to provide more opportunities for involvement of people in productive employment – to start their own business or to get a new profession and to get a job.
The work of “Atameken” National chamber of entrepreneurs in business training deserves support.
It is important to expand the coverage of these categories of the population by the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship, having strengthened its instruments.
The process of registering self-employed should be simplified as much as possible, creating conditions under which it would be beneficial to faithfully fulfill our obligations to the state.
Kazakhstan citizens should be able to find a new job relatively quickly, including in other localities of the country.
A full-scale implementation of a single electronic labor exchange is required, where all information about vacancies and job seekers should be consolidated.
Without leaving home, a person will be able to pass vocational guidance tests, learn about training courses, state support measures and find an interesting job.
Work record books should be put in electronic format too.
The law about electronic labor exchange must be adopted till April 1, 2018.
Social policy will be implemented through the involvement of citizens in full-fledged economic life.
The pension system is now fully tied to work experience.
Those who worked more will receive a large pension.
In this regard all Kazakhstan citizens to seriously approach the legalization of their work activities.
The social insurance system will also strengthen the relationship between work experience and the size of benefits.
Since 2018, we have switched to a new procedure of providing targeted social assistance to disadvantaged population.
The threshold of its provision rose from 40 to 50 % of the subsistence minimum.
For able-bodied financially disadvantaged citizens, monetary assistance will be available subject to their participation in employment assistance measures.
For disabled citizens, state support measures will be strengthened.
Dear Kazakhstan citizens!
The state will fulfill all its social obligations in full.
I want to remind you that in 2016-2017 pensions and benefits were increased three times.
The basic pension increased in a total by 29%, joint and several – by 32%, childbirth allowances – by 37%, and disability and loss of the breadwinner – by 43% each.
The salary of workers of health care has increased to 28%, education – to 29%, social protection – to 40%, government employees of the case “B” – for 30%, grants – for 25%.
Crisis time. And not many countries in the world could raise social expenses also.
Expenses of the republican budget on the social sphere in 2018 are increased by 12% and have exceeded 4,1 trillion tenges.
Increase in social payments, including pensions, will increase income more than 3 million Kazakhstan citizens.
From January 1, 2018 solidary pensions have grown by 8%.
Increase in grants for disabled people, to the families which have lost the supporter, bringing up disabled children has made up to 16%.
From July 1, 2018, the basic pension will increase by an average of by a factor of 1.8, depending on seniority.
Besides, I charge to enter in addition from July 1, 2018 government grants for parents who are care for full age disabled persons of group I since the childhood.
Monthly such benefits in the amount of not less than one subsistence minimum will be received by about 14 thousand families.
Up to 3 billion tenge will be required for these purposes in 2018.
For increase the prestige of the profession of a teacher I charge an official salary of teachers who pass to the updated maintenance of a training material from January 1, 2018, to increase by 30%.
The updated content is the modern training programs which are conforming to the international standards and undergone adaptation in Nazarbayev Intellectual schools.
They give to our children necessary functional literacy and critical thinking.
Besides, I charge to enter in 2018 the new grid of categories for teachers considering skill level with increase in gaps between categories.
Categories must be assigned through a national qualification test, the how of it around the world.
It will stimulate teachers to constant improvement.
As a result depending on the confirmed qualification in general teachers’ salaries will grow from 30 to 50%.
For this purpose, it is necessary to additionally allocate 67 billion tenge in the current year.
THE EIGHTH. Effective public administration.
It is necessary to continue work on reducing costs for businessmen and the population at the state administration.
In this regard, it is important to accelerate the adoption of the law aimed at further deregulation of business.
It is necessary to provide digitalization of processes of receiving with business of state support with her rendering by the principle of “one window”.
Integration of information systems of state agencies will allow to pass from rendering separate state services to complex by the principle of “one statement”.
Also it is necessary to continue work on improvement of quality of services of subjects of natural monopolies.
It is important to establish reasonable tariffs to them and power producers taking into account investment programs.
Resolute actions for improvement of business climate, especially at the regional level are required.
The government has to prepare a new package of system measures to support the business, bringing it out of the shadows.
It is necessary to accelerate implementation of the plan of privatization, having expanded it due to reduction of number of the subordinated organizations of state agencies.
Those subordinated organizations which are really necessary should be consolidated whenever possible for decrease in administrative expenses.
The released funds need to be allocated for introduction of new system of compensation of government employees on the basis of a factorial and mark scale.
It will reduce disproportions in salaries of government employees of regions and the center, and also will consider kind of work and its efficiency.
I charge to the Government to realize together with Agency Civil Service Affairs, to implement in 2018 pilot projects in central and local government agencies on introduction of this system.
It is necessary to more fully disclose the potential of the effectiveness of public service in the regions through increasing their economic independence and responsibility.
In general focus of regional policy should be transferred from alignment of expenses on stimulation of growth of own income of regions.
In particular, one of perspective sources for any region is development of the entrance and internal tourism creating today every tenth workplace in the world.
The government in turn should admit a package of measures, including simplification of visa procedures, development of infrastructure and removal of barriers to branches of tourism.
As part of fiscal decentralization, it is necessary to resolve the issue of transferring corporate income tax from small and medium businesses to regional budgets.
From January 1, 2018, in cities of district status, villages and rural districts with a population of over 2 thousand people, the law provides for the introduction of an independent budget and municipal property of local self-government.
From 2020, these standards will apply in all localities.
7 types of tax and other non-tax revenues and also 19 items of expenditure are transferred to the village budget.
It will allow involving the population in the solution of questions of local value.
In addition, government agencies should apply modern digital technologies to take into accounts the comments and suggestions of citizens in real-time and rapid response.
Introducing new technologies, the state and companies should ensure reliable protection of their information systems and devices.
Today, the concept of cyber security includes the protection not just information, but also access to the management of production and infrastructure facilities.
These and other measures should be reflected in the Strategy of national security of Kazakhstan.
THE NINTH. Fight against corruption and rule of law.
Preventive fight against corruption will be continued.
A lot of work is carried out.
For the last 3 years, more than 2.5 thousand persons were convicted for corruption, including top officials and heads of state-owned companies.
For this period about 17 billion tenge of damage caused by them are compensated.
Digitalization of processes in state agencies, including their interaction with the population and business is important.
In particular, citizens have to see how their addresses are considered, and in time to receive qualitative answers.
Institutional transformations of judicial and law-enforcement systems are carried out.
The norms providing strengthening of protection of the rights of citizens in criminal trial, decrease in its repressiveness are brought in the legislation.
The rights of lawyers and also judicial control at a pre-judicial stage are expanded.
Powers and zones of responsibility of law enforcement agencies are differentiated.
Work of strengthen the guarantees of the constitutional rights of citizens, the consolidation of the rule of law, the humanization of law enforcement activity must be continued.
In the sphere of protection of public order and security it is necessary to mainstream the intellectual systems of video surveillance and recognition on streets and in places of mass stay of citizens, control of the traffic.
THE TENTH. “Smart cities” for “smart nation”.
2018 is the year of the 20th anniversary of our capital –Astana.
Its formation and entry into the number of the most important centers of development of Eurasia is the subject of our common pride.
Modern technologies provide effective solutions of problems of the fast-growing megalopolis.
It is necessary to introduce in a complex management of the urban environment based on the concept of “Smart City” and development of competences of the people moving to the city.
In the world have come to understanding that the cities compete for investors.
They choose not the country, but the city in which it is comfortable to live and work
Therefore, based on the experience of Astana, it is necessary to form a “reference” standard of the “Smart City” and begin to spread the best practices and exchange of experience between the cities of Kazakhstan.
“Smart Cities” will become the locomotives of regional development, the spread of innovation and the improvement of the quality of life throughout the country.
There are 10 tasks. They are understandable and clear.
Dear Kazakhstan citizens!
Thanks to political stability and public consensus, we have begun to modernize the economy, politics and consciousness.
An impetus is given to a new stage of technological and infrastructure development.
Constitutional reform has established more accurate balance of branches of government.
We have developed process of updating of national consciousness.
In fact, these three basic directions are a system triad of Kazakhstani modernization.
To comply with the new time, we have to unite in a one nation – the nation standing on the cusp of a historical ascension in the conditions of the Fourth industrial revolution.